A country between tradition and angst.
Yemen, a country known for its mountain ranges and deserts which hinder human life. The problems that exist in the Yemen of today are a result of its historical events including its colonial history, tribal wars and the infamous Arab Spring. The escalation of the conflict in Yemen in March 2015 exacerbated the already-existing problems of poverty, conflict and poor governance. As estimated by UN OCHA, 18.8 million people are in need of assistance or protection in order to meet their basic needs. Included in this figures is an estimated number of 14.4 million people who require assistance to ensure access to safe drinking water and sanitation. As well as this, 14 million people are currently food insecure. These figures illustrate that 50% of the Yemeni population struggle daily to acquire clean water or grow food; as a result of this, 14.7 million Yemenis currently depend on humanitarian aid in order to get basic needs for survival, as stated by The Guardian. Due to its geography as a hot country, Yemen has always experienced water troubles but as the conflict has worsened. Now the country is additionally facing problems of water scarcity and food insecurity. The water issue is aggravated by the country’s water pipes which are outdated and it is estimated that 60% of the water is lost through leakages. A growing population and increased water usage and food consumption has further social and economic consequences such as lack of school attendance, poor health rates, unemployment and an increase in conflict. There have been attempts from the national government to improve the situation but most have failed due to the lack of effective enforcement. Further to this, projects implemented by the World Bank for instance have run but are not continuous, thus there is a lack of sustainability for the population of Yemen.
This is why our work in Yemen is important. We have worked in cooperative partnerships with local NGOs in order to restore rainwater cisterns and researched into producing safer drinking water.
Water is a human right.